Please read the description (there's toggles). I'd suggest at least reading the Overview of the Deck, Basic Play of the Deck, and Key Differences Explained sections if you don't want to read the whole thing. However, each section does help to explain the deck a little better, so if you have the time, I highly suggest reading it fully.

There's custom categories on the deck, which you can view by clicking one option in the pie chart to the right, and it will highlight the cards in that category. These categories will just help to give a quick overview understanding of the deck initially, so feel free to give that a peak.

The deck has become quite the toolbox deck (Summoner's Pact is a virtual copy of my creatures, allowing more than 4 of each one, and Primeval Titan does silly things with all the lands - view the Godhand section for some examples).

Springheart Nantuko enables infinite combos with an Amulet of Vigor, any bounce, and a copy of Arboreal Grazer, Dryad of the Ilysian Grove, or Primeval Titan. While the Primeval Titan combo is technically limited by the number of lands in your deck, you should be able to win with all the extra mana and ability to tutor basically every land in the deck into play or your hand.

Our general sideboarding strategy is to move out some of the cards they will be targeting to essentially invalidate them, and move in some more "fair" cards like green mana sources, Spelunking and big green creatures with powerful effects. We do have specific hate, but we have roughly half our sideboard double as a "fair" gameplan while addressing specific needs.

The basic play of the deck game 1 is to mulligan until some type of ramp, usually in the form of Amulet of Vigor / Urza's Saga and multiple land drop cards or a fatty. You basically want to have a plan to have potential for around 6 mana by turn 3 (4 at the latest) when you look at your opening hand, or at least a bunch of little guys that synergize well and create board presence to block with. Alternatively, a turn 3 The One Ring, or infinite combo involving Springheart Nantuko is also a strong opener that can be kept (infinite Arboreal Grazer is less desirable, since you aren't applying pressure).

I've definitely had more than a few turn 3 wins with a 4 card opener, so don't be afraid to mulligan aggressively if you see no opening turns in your hand. The cards you want missing in a keepable opening hand are generally ramp or Amulet of Vigor and/or Primeval Titan (with access to multiple amulets you don't need the extra land cards and vice versa). You need a basic mana engine and some board presence/hate if you don't have the ability to play an early titan. Reason being that Primeval Titan basically runs 8+ copies because of Summoner's Pact + Tolaria West and you don't actually need an Amulet of Vigor for your lands/creatures to produce value, it just gives them more value. We also have stalling lines involving The One Ring or Springheart Nantuko.

I also suggest trying to keep a green bounce land in hand if you happen to have either an amulet or extra land play creature out, and are just waiting on the other piece. Generally speaking, the only time I play my last bounce is when I can hard-cast an impactful card the next time I untap and need to play it for that line.

Once you cast the Primeval Titan you can almost always swing with it same turn. With 1+ Amulet of Vigor(s) and Dryad of the Ilysian Grove you generally want to find Hanweir Battlements  + Valakut, the Molten Pinnacle. If you suspect removal and need an extra green, but still want to try swinging while still being able to pay for your Summoner's Pact go for Hanweir Battlements  + Gruul Turf. Another very common line with a single Amulet of Vigor is to find Hanweir Battlements  + Crumbling Vestige leaving it untapped, then finding either Otawara, Soaring City + Gruul Turf on the attack trigger to bounce a blocker, effectively giving your titan pseudo-haste and getting more damage through or finding Urza's Cave + Gruul Turf to hold up instant speed Bojuka Bog. If you have a Summoner's Pact or Springheart Nantuko in hand, you can also find Hanweir Battlements  + Crumbling Vestige leaving it untapped, then find Gruul Turf + Misty Rainforest (or Echoing Deeps if you already used the fetch) to kill them post-combat.

With multiple Amulet of Vigor you can go for Mirrorpool + Gruul Turf or even Gruul Turf + The Mycosynth Gardens if you have a way to play another threat, to be able to swing with 3+ Primeval Titan after transmuting Tolaria West. From there, the huge land toolbox will set up your future turns quite nicely, even if that titan was the only thing your hand had going for it. Always look for lines where you can get multiple Primeval Titan into play (don't walk into removal when doing so, sometimes it is better to do this after combat), preferably alongside cheating more Amulet of Vigor effects into play with The Mycosynth Gardens as well. Additionally, there's even more game-winning lines with The One Ring which buys an extra turn against almost every deck while pumping out card advantage and allowing further ramp next turn. You can view the Godhand section for some specific lines.

In games 2 and 3 of a match, once you know the deck of your opponent, solid hate can be keep-able instead of the whole fatty plan. You will also be siding out some of your more aggressive lines for something more consistent, but do try to keep the extra land effects close to your number of green bounces. It really comes down to the opponents deck when you are deciding how to play the deck, because it can be played as just about any type of deck (tempo, control, midrange, combo, and even prison if you run some obscure options - not suggested, they are obscure for a reason). I marked some of the more common targets to side out with #flexslot so you can have a better understanding of the core of the deck and some of the filler cards.

How you stack triggers matters. My general advise is to resolve things where you have no choice, first (so you stack them in the opposite order). I generally resolve my triggers as Vesuva / Echoing Deeps copies (not a trigger, but you have to choose it first), Amulet of Vigor untaps, Valakut, the Molten Pinnacle targets, Crumbling Vestige color choice, then Simic Growth Chamber etc. bounce a land. It is very important to stack them so you have the most options available if a response happens, as sometimes how you stack things can make or break you (you can also play instant speed interaction before resolving some triggers, netting you extra information / resetting it before making certain choices). For example, we can use a shuffle effect like Summoner's Pact or cracking Misty Rainforest for deck thinning before resolving some triggers or draw effects.

A few important tips are that you can bounce utility lands (without an Amulet of Vigor) after fetching to replay and use them the same turn or play Vesuva as an untapped copy of nothing to produce mana with Dryad of the Ilysian Grove, to name some of the most overlooked lines of play. One other important thing is that Vesuva / Echoing Deeps can only copy lands already in play / the graveyard, not lands found with the same Primeval Titan fetch.

In this section, I will explain some of the key differences from your "normal" archetype. First, let's look at the manabase. One of the key differences is that we are only running 1x Valakut, the Molten Pinnacle and 1x Vesuva instead of 2x of either one to be able to get 3 on the field at once for lethal. We are able to retain a similar lethal line, thanks to Misty Rainforest (or Echoing Deeps to copy it) on the final trigger. By fetching Valakut, the Molten Pinnacle and Hanweir Battlements  to enable haste, followed by Vesuva (copying Valakut, the Molten Pinnacle) and Misty Rainforest on the attack trigger, we are getting 12+6 damage instead of 18 damage. This is "better" in my opinion for 2 reasons. First, we have better mana-fixing and faster mana (untapped green source vs. a tapped red source). Second, we can now activate some of that damage at instant speed to help counter something like The One Ring or be used as removal if not doing lethal.

Another thing that this manabase has going for it over your traditional lines is the access to Lush Portico. Since we are running essentially 2 copies thanks to Misty Rainforest, we get to surveil dead draws quite often, which helps the deck to be more consistent. We also don't need to worry about hitting a key land like Hanweir Battlements  or Valakut, the Molten Pinnacle thanks to Echoing Deeps being our double Amulet of Vigor kill land. Running a surviel land also gives us some upside when an opponent uses Boseiju, Who Endures against us, letting us find Lush Portico to get a surveil a form of compensation.

Finally, many of you will be questioning - "Where's the 2 Amulet of Vigor kill line with Kessig Wolf Run?" Sorry to disappoint, but I've cut it for Echoing Deeps, which actually does some amazing things without double amulet (like enabling its own lethal line), while also enabling some disgusting board presence lines that assure we can win the turn after swinging if unable to just flat-out kill them against almost any deck (explained in great detail in the Godhand section). The main draw here is that Kessig Wolf Run often does nothing in games 2/3 when they start targeting our Amulet of Vigor and Urza's Saga. Echoing Deeps is capable of copying any land that was destroyed by hate (does not come up often) or even an opponent's (or our own) fetch, effectively making it a tapped green source if needed. It is also capable of copying Urza's Saga in our more grindy matchups, which is one of the best lands in those matchups. For the "kill" lines we are often copying Mirrorpool or Misty Rainforest to squeeze in extra mana or damage, but the card is so much more flexible than simply being a "kill" land.

Next, we will look at our non-lands, as the remainder of the manabase is fairly "standard" in the archetype. I expect that Azusa, Lost but Seeking and Explore will not be nearly as prominent post-MH3, so I will explain why I am still including them over something like 4x Arboreal Grazer. Azusa, Lost but Seeking just enables far too many lines that you can't do otherwise as a 1-of. Summoner's Pacting for her and setting up a Primeval Titan the turn after if not answered is quite the powerful line. Explore is just a better Arboreal Grazer when we don't need the blocker, and also helps to enable delirium for Shifting Woodland in our post-board matches. It also helps with our consistency strategy by allowing us to see more cards in our deck with minimal deckbuilding costs.

We are going pretty heavy on draw/tutor effects to help us naturally draw into whatever missing piece(s) we may need for the matchup. You'll notice there's a lot of digging/tutoring effects in this particular iteration of the deck (in both the main and side), allowing us to more consistently get to the cards we want.

I like to place a die on top of my deck after casting Summoner's Pact - you can also conveniently track how many triggers this way - to remind myself not to miss the trigger(s) prior to drawing.

Always stack triggers with the most options first so they resolve last. Stack triggers where you have no option last, that way you still have the most options available if your opponent responds to a trigger.

Always hold priority after playing an extra land card, and play those land(s) immediately after to play around removal. On this note, if possible and when you suspect removal, try to play a land without a trigger following Azusa, Lost but Seeking so you can get in both extra lands without your opponent having a chance to respond.

If you don't need to activate the draw effect of The One Ring or Explore prior to swinging with Primeval Titan, don't. You want to avoid drawing into your haste enabling (or other key) lands as much as possible, so activate it in your second main if possible. Fetching more lands after swinging also trims your deck giving you a higher probability of drawing into threats instead of blanks (lands).

If you mulligan badly game 1, it may be beneficial to just not play lands that give away your deck if you will probably lose anyway (basically play like you kept a 0 land hand). You'll gain information as to what your opponent is playing and they won't have any information. This of course depends on if your opponent already knows your deck, but it is still worth mentioning. This also applies to your opponent playing a searching effect like Necromentia where you have no hope of recovery. It may be beneficial to just concede in response, so they can't see all of your deck tech.

On the note of information management, another nice little trick is to track cards your opponent knows (or should know) by turning them upside down in your hand. You may have revealed cards from a Grief / Thoughtseize, or even simply by bouncing a land back to your hand. This matters, since not tracking this information is giving the more skilled players better information, if you were to play a land they didn't see yet, while you just bounced a Forest back to hand for 0 additional lines (sometimes playing a different land has benefits).

You'll notice that a lot of my commonly tutored for targets have an easily recognizable unique coloring to the card when the deck is fanned out, making finding them that much faster instead of having to search card by card. For example:

Forest - all of my basics are white-bordered
Valakut, the Molten Pinnacle - the only red expedition frame
Primeval Titan - Time Spiral Remastered old frames (different coloring)
Urza's Saga - look for the Saga frame on the left (any print works)
Amulet of Vigor - only artifact in old frame pre-boarding
Tolaria West - the "Heads I Win, Tails You Lose" print with the stamp bottom left

I have a lot of full art cards for this purpose as well, and try to use "the List" or similar prints to have the small stamp on the bottom left to help differentiate at a glance some cards that don't have unique frames. You can also use the Modern and old frames in a similar way, since the coloring or frame itself is a slightly different color.

Some of these lines aren't commonly known, or are very hard to see, so I will mention them here.

Haste with double Amulet of Vigor in play and Hanweir Battlements  in hand - play your Primeval Titan and clone it with Mirrorpool and any bounce, then on the second trigger, find Tolaria West + Gruul Turf producing . Transmute Tolaria West using for Summoner's Pact. Fetch and cast Arboreal Grazer putting Hanweir Battlements  into play and using your remaining to double activate it giving both Primeval Titans haste.

Remove a blocker/threat with singular Amulet of Vigor - play your Primeval Titan finding Crumbling Vestige + Hanweir Battlements  for haste, leaving Crumbling Vestige untapped. On the attack trigger, find Otawara, Soaring City + any bounce, allowing you to bounce almost anything back to your opponent's hand.

Instant speed Bojuka Bog - play your Primeval Titan finding Crumbling Vestige + Hanweir Battlements  for haste, leaving Crumbling Vestige untapped. On the attack trigger, find Urza's Cave + any bounce, allowing you told hold up graveyard removal at instant speed.

Some other little tricks are: playing Vesuva untapped as nothing with Dryad of the Ilysian Grove to produce mana and using Dryad of the Ilysian Grove as a pseudo-answer to Blood Moon thanks to layering (if played after Blood Moon, you have Mountains that are every basic land type).

The number in parenthesis after the card is its suggested quantity. As an example, Amulet of Vigor (4) means I suggest running 4 copies of the card. In general, I suggest 31-33 total lands if running Urza's Saga with 28-29 being preferred if not including the card, of which at least 8-9 should be green bouncelands, with at least a copy of all of the "mandatory" utility lands, like your haste enabler. Try to maximize on untapped and green sources as much as possible, as that helps to keep the deck explosive and consistent. You should also run 9-11 extra land cards, with 10 being the preferred number. These numbers can flex a bit, but try to keep your green bounce and extra land creature counts relatively close, never off by more than 1 card if possible, as you want to maximize having both in hand.

Amulet of Vigor (4) - One of the cards that makes this deck really shine, eliminating the downside of many of my lands, while also giving my titans +2/0 and haste (plus an extra land!). Multiples of this ramp me really fast, and is a force to be reckoned with.

The One Ring (4) - a powerful stalling option which provides card advantage. This helps us to stay alive and find whatever card we may be missing.

Primeval Titan (4) - The main creature this deck revolves around, quite the force to be reckoned with. Even if it gets removed, you still get the ETB trigger, so sometimes playing into removal and finding Tolaria West or Shifting Woodland is the correct play, ignoring haste for redundancy.

Summoner's Pact (4) - Pretty much 4 more copies of Primeval Titan or whatever creature is needed, but be careful with the upkeep (I like to account for them potentially destroying any of my lands)! As this is a commonly sided out card thanks to Subtlety, it is reasonable to trim slightly, but I wouldn't go below 2-3 copies.

Arboreal Grazer (1-4) - This is actually fetchable ramp in a sense, because it can net you 1+ extra mana in a lot of situations with a Summoner's Pact (not a suggested path against interaction). It also has reach and makes a decent blocker afterwards. You always want to run at least one of these, even post-sideboard against decks with 0 creatures to block, as it enables a lot of lines when fetching with Summoner's Pact.

Azusa, Lost but Seeking (0-2) / Dryad of the Ilysian Grove (0-4) - Azusa, Lost but Seeking is two additional land drops per turn, which enables Primeval Titan the turn after pacting and having 0 open mana with an amulet and bounceland. However, she is legendary, so you never want more than 1, which is why I generally run less than 4 copies of her. Dryad of the Ilysian Grove is an additional land drop every turn, mana-fixing, and a solid 2/4 body for 3 mana, allowing us to flex into a midrange deck. It also combos with Valakut, the Molten Pinnacle as a win-condition. 3 CMC is also a critical point for the deck, since we can usually go from 3 mana straight to 6+, so this slot is very important.

Springheart Nantuko (1-3) - This is actually a very broken card with almost all of our creatures, allowing them to essentially go infinite with a singular Amulet of Vigor in play and a bounce in hand. While an army of Arboreal Grazers might not win us the game outright, not many decks can get through an army of 0/3 reach creatures. With Dryad of the Ilysian Grove or Primeval Titan as the copy target, you essentially win. Bestow is also nice since if they remove the creature, your aura just stops being an aura and becomes a creature. Gaining an army of 1/1 insects on every landfall is still a good effect, especially if they already traded removal to make you get that effect.

Spelunking (0-2) / Explore (0-4) - Spelunking is a bit stronger, having an Amulet of Vigor effect built into it, especially post-board. However, it does get progressively worse in duplicates, becoming an overpriced Explore after the first copy.

Malevolent Rumble (0-4) - This is essentially a power crept version of Ancient Stirrings. Being able to pull any permanent from the top 4 is a powerful effect, especially when you consider it is really only costing you and not thanks to the Spawn Token. This also puts cards into the graveyard which can be very relevant with Shifting Woodland to enable delirium. At the same time, putting key cards into your graveyard is mitigated by Echoing Deeps, so this card definitely has synergy with the deck. Do not confuse the "ramp" from the Spawn Token with the ability to play additional lands, as they are two different things. This card also has added upside in matches where you are siding in permanents, as it can find them a lot easier.

Elvish Reclaimer (0-4) - Surprisingly, this versatile guy is decent at just about everything you could want. It can act as a pseudo-extra land card, a land tutor, a sizable threat to stabilize when you have nothing. This is a 1 drop that scales up as the game goes on, and can also be used as a tutor for the land you really need (really good at finding your missing bounceland or Urza's Saga). You can also use the activated ability in response to the triggered ability of Urza's Saga's 3rd chapter to basically replace/upgrade your land in addition to searching for your artifact of choice. The main downside of this option is it is a tap ability, so it suffers from summoning sickness, which may not always be desired in a combo deck. Realistically, this is very close to a hybrid Arboreal Grazer and Expedition Map, being able to fulfill the main uses of both cards (although not being findable with Urza's Saga and only Summoner's Pact).

Valakut, the Molten Pinnacle (0-2) - This is actually a win-con with enough land drops and Dryad of the Ilysian Grove. Due to bouncelands being able to bounce themselves, you are generally able to utilize all your extra land drops on each turn, so this damage can add up really quickly. It can be used to clear the board or to do direct damage.

Vesuva (1-2) - This is essentially a mandatory include because of all the great plays it enables. Vesuva is probably the best land in the deck, as it can be pretty much anything. In addition to copying anything (opponent's lands included), you can play it untapped copying nothing with Dryad of the Ilysian Grove out to produce mana, an often overlooked line of play.

Crumbling Vestige (1-4) - This is a pseudo-bounce, producing 2 mana with an Amulet of Vigor. It also allows us to go +1 land or +1 mana with certain lines, which is very relevant. Also being an untapped green source makes this one of the most useful/versatile lands in the deck, essentially filling all the checkmarks of what we want a land to do in this deck. It also enables us to activate Otawara, Soaring City during our combat step with only 1 Amulet of Vigor if using the Hanweir Battlements  package to haste by finding it to enable the haste, leaving it untapped to get up to 4 mana during our combat phase. You can also haste your Primeval Titan without an Amulet of Vigor using some combination of this, Hanweir Battlements  and a bounce. For all these reasons, I would call it a mandatory include, and generally prefer to play 2 copies if possible, but some people choose not to play any copies.

Tolaria West (1-2) - this can transmute into Summoner's Pact for whichever creature fits your situation best. It can also become any other land, a Chalice of the Void or Engineered Explosives if either is in the deck (or any other 0 CMC sideboard card, including lands). At least 2 copies enables swinging with 3+ Primeval Titan when you get to that many amulets, which is essentially enough for lethal.

Otawara, Soaring City (0-1) - this is basically required in the Hanweir Battlements  version of the deck, since it essentially enables pseudo-vigilance. By removing a blocker on the swing, they are unable to swing with it their following turn, so it can both help to sneak in some additional damage, and allow us a form of protection the following turn, some of the main pros of Slayers' Stronghold.

Boseiju, Who Endures (1-3) - One of the best utility lands for the deck, since we can easily bounce it back to hand, making it fetchable removal for artifacts, enchantments, and even troublesome lands (essentially a broader version of Ghost Quarter if you don't plan to use it on yourself). It does technically ramp your opponent in most cases, but that's a fair tradeoff for eliminating a more troublesome permanent. Be careful not to run too many copies, as the legendary rule does come up when trying to use multiples as a land.

Disciple of Freyalise  (0-1) - this is a pactable untapped/tapped green manasource, and also a great way to gain life and draw cards, which is a very important line to have access to.

Urza's Cave (0-1) - a great tutor for another land, with finding Bojuka Bog at instant speed being one of the most powerful forms of interaction we get access to. This is also another way to cheat in extra landfall triggers, at instant speed, or find that missing bounce, all while being an untapped land.

Cavern of Souls (0-3) - Good for control matches, and it can also be useful for colored mana when trying to hard cast more color intensive creatures like Sigarda, Host of Herons. Since we have a lot of bouncelands in here, we can change the creature type named almost as often as wanted, so this is almost like an Ancient Ziggurat that can tap for colorless when not casting creature spells.

Hanweir Battlements  (0-1) / Slayers' Stronghold + Boros Garrison - These are some of the best utility lands for this deck. It allows your titans to come out with haste, you can't really ask for more. Slayers' Stronghold is arguably the better of the two, since it gives haste/vigilance and +2/0, which can be important (this does require committing another slot to Boros Garrison as well). Hanweir Battlements  is better at granting our titans haste without an amulet, or squeezing extra damage out of Valakut, the Molten Pinnacle. Having both as an option gives some added flexibility in plays, and makes us less susceptible to things like Surgical Extraction or drawing into our only haste enabling land before playing the titan. It is not really recommended to run both, and I recommend being careful not to overcommit to non-green lands, as you really need green lands for the deck to function early.

Urza's Saga (4) / The Mycosynth Gardens (2-4) - These are super powerful in game 1, but they are also super vulnerable to removal/hate (you basically concede against an early Blood Moon, Magus of the Moon, or Force of Vigor). However, one thing they both do well is allow for a double amulet more often (making them a solid turn 1/2 land). One additional upside the Saga does have going for it is the negatives aren't really preyed upon until games 2/3 of the match making it a powerful game 1 tool, which is why most decks want 4 copies, then side them out as needed. The Mycosynth Gardens needs a first Amulet of Vigor to copy, but it can have us go +1 the same turn, instead of needing to wait. It is a little less vulnerable to hate than its counterpart, since it isn't a Saga or Enchantment, but a little less powerful overall. When comparing the two, Urza's Saga is an investment of 2 turns for an Amulet of Vigor, while The Mycosynth Gardens is an investment of 2 mana, which also requires a first copy for us to copy. While it is pretty clear which of these effects is more powerful, both cards enable us to have an explosive turn 3 more consistently. These are also both colorless lands, which is something you need to be careful of running too many copies of, especially if you have a lot of early plays that want colored mana.

Forest (2+) / Snow-Covered Forest (2+) - basic lands are needed, enough said. It stops Path to Exile-type effects from being as devastating, and gives hope against Blood Moon. I typically like to use white bordered basics to make fetching easier (you can fan out your deck instead of going card by card) if going with fetchlands, just a little trick I like to use to help speed up games. I never suggest dropping below 2 basics with this deck, and if you aren't splashing heavily, more is always better.

Misty Rainforest (0-2) - fetches are surprisingly great in here, for two main reasons. First, the reason they are played in most decks, great mana-fixing. We can play more virtual copies of our non-basics without being forced to draw into them, which is great for something like the Surveil lands. Second, it enables additional landfall triggers, which is very important to our deck with the inclusion of Valakut, the Molten Pinnacle.

Lush Portico (0-1) / Temple Garden (0-1) - this is a forest subtype land which allows us to dig into our deck or has the option of coming in untapped. This makes our opponent's Boseiju, Who Endures into even more of a double edged sword, now giving us some additional card selection. If running any fetches, it also gives us decent access to pseudo-turn 1 plays, playing this tapped and potentially eliminating a bad draw.

Selesnya Sanctuary (0-4) / Golgari Rot Farm (0-4) / Simic Growth Chamber (1-4) / Gruul Turf (0-4) - green bouncelands, the main thing this deck revolves around. It is a good idea to keep one of these in hand at all times (or a Vesuva to copy one) to make the most of your multiple land drop potential. The only time I play my last one in hand is if it means I can hard cast a bomb that I feel will get through when I untap next turn. Otherwise it is best to keep one in hand with the potential of drawing extra land cards, allowing you to "go off" in a lot of cases (considering you have either an amulet in play, or dryad/azusa in hand, and are just waiting on the other piece). I would suggest having 8+ of these, with 9-10 being preferred. Simic Growth Chamber is a mandatory include alongside Tolaria West so you can bounce it back to hand and transmute it.

Castle Garenbrig (0-4) / Sunken Citadel (0-2) - Castle Garenbrig is decent as potential ramp if you run enough fetches + Forest Subtypes that it can consistently come out untapped. Not really worth forcing into the deck, but it can be viewed as +2 for mana calculations in a lot of scenarios, so definitely a solid include if there's enough space and support for it. Sunken Citadel can be used to enable many of our lands, and can even be seen as a 5 color land, since we can pick any color. They both compliment each other quite well also, so if playing a more budget version, look to use these instead of Urza's Saga.

Echoing Deeps (0-1) - This is my "kill" land of choice. I chose it over all the options below, mainly because it does something beneficial outside of the combo. Being able to copy a key land that was removed or surveilled away is quite nice, but we also like being able to copy a fetch, whether it is ours or our opponent's.

Mirrorpool (0-1) / Kessig Wolf Run (0-1) / Oran-Rief, the Vastwood (0-1) / Sunhome, Fortress of the Legion / Mosswort Bridge / Drannith Ruins / Novijen, Heart of Progress - Sunhome, Fortress of the Legion is great to block something with deathtouch (take that Wurmcoil Engine - I live and you don't even gain life), or just double your damage. Mosswort Bridge can cover the defensive and offensive purposes of Sunhome, Fortress of the Legion in almost every situation, without the need of as much mana investment, even allowing more aggressive plays sometimes, all while being a colored mana source instead of colorless. Mosswort Bridge is the most powerful digging tool and virtual advantage this deck has to offer. Cast off anything for 1 green? Yes please! Need to find some removal because they are just stalling with something stupid and annoying? Keep copying/bouncing this until you find what you are looking for. If you are running Mosswort Bridge, it is basically required to run Slayers' Stronghold + Boros Garrison alongside it, allowing you to get to 10+ power far more consistently. Because of those mandatory inclusions, Sunhome, Fortress of the Legion is a basically equivalent option as well, being in the same colors. Also worth mentioning is that you can use the hideaway of Mosswort Bridge to exile cards you don't want to draw, if you don't plan on activating it prior to bouncing it back to your hand. After a shuffling effect, this deck-thinning helps increase your odds of hitting cards you do want by a few percentage points. Mirrorpool is able to be a strict replacement for Sunhome, Fortress of the Legion allowing us to create 2 titans to double pump with Slayers' Stronghold for lethal, or Kessig Wolf Run / Oran-Rief, the Vastwood / Drannith Ruins / Novijen, Heart of Progress if you are on Hanweir Battlements   to enable haste.

Expedition Map (0-1) - this is mainly found with Urza's Saga when you already have the mana or Amulet of Vigors but are missing a bounce or a threat. Expedition Map lets you tutor for a specific land like Simic Growth Chamber, Tolaria West, Forest, or Shifting Woodland, etc. so it can still have value in non-Urza's Saga games if a specific land is powerful.

The number in parenthesis after the card is its suggested quantity. As an example, Amulet of Vigor (4) means I suggest running 4 copies of the card. Excluding all of the mandatory includes, we are able to fit around 5 land and 5 non-land Filler options, allowing tweaking the deck for specific needs.

Bonny Pall, Clearcutter - This is just a solid option for when we don't have Amulet of Vigor, creating 2 blockers, and even allowing the attack trigger without haste by swinging with something like an Arboreal Grazer.

Altered Ego (0-1) / Phyrexian Metamorph (0-1) - with the increased access to 2 copies of Amulet of Vigor, Altered Ego is a very powerful option, essentially lowering the mana threshold for 2+ Primeval Titans. You can now play that second titan after transmuting Tolaria West if you have access to 7 mana, with 6 of it coming from the Simic Growth Chamber + Tolaria West you found. Phyrexian Metamorph cant be tutored for, but it is the superior version when drawn into, both being cheaper, and allowing us to also copy The One Ring, Amulet of Vigor or whatever we are already copying with The Mycosynth Gardens.

Cultivator Colossus (0-1) - This is basically Primeval Titan's big brother when your hand is mana flooded or a utility land you need is in your hand instead of your deck. It doesn't quite go infinite with bouncelands since you need to fully resolve Cultivator Colossus's ability before resolving anything else, but it is definitely a way of making the most of mana-flooding, letting you draw into things to spend that mana on. This is significantly worse than Primeval Titan if you don't have at least 2 lands in hand. If you have 4+ lands in hand, I would say it is generally better (you can still whiff). With 3 lands in hand, they are generally equivalent, with certain board states preferring one option over the other.

Aether Hub / Gemstone Mine / Mana Confluence / Waterlogged Grove / Reflecting Pool / Flooded Grove - Gemstone Mine probably has the most synergy, since you can use it twice then bounce it to reset its counters. Aether Hub is a strictly better version of Tendo Ice Bridge and is next in line, since you can bounce it and replay it without using the to stack multiples for later. The draw-land cycle of cards like Waterlogged Grove is one land that actually isn't terrible to draw when mana-flooded. The filter cycle like Flooded Grove helps manafix if you have a lot of non-green double cost cards. Reflecting Pool is basically a psuedo-5-color land that makes cards with multiple of the same color cost a lot easier to cast. It gets exponentially better with more multicolored lands, and is quite nice in greedy manabases like this one. Some similar options are Tendo Ice Bridge / City of Brass / Vivid Grove / Yavimaya, Cradle of Growth

Worldsoul's Rage - at worst removal and ramp, but at best an infinite combo with Mirrorpool. It is a bit slower, and does require a specific splash color, so there are some downsides for this powerful option.

Scapeshift - capable of winning games with Dryad of the Ilysian Grove or Amulet of Vigor + 6 lands out by finding Valakut, the Molten Pinnacle or setting up a (usually) game winning Cultivator Colossus by finding Bouncelands + Tolaria West. With only 5 lands and Amulet of Vigor out, you can run away with the game by transmuting into Primeval Titan in pretty much the same way, depending on which lands you have to sacrifice. With 2+ Amulet of Vigor you only need 3 lands to sacrifice to produce enough mana to transmute into a threat. It is strongly suggested to run multiple haste enabling lands if you run any copies of this. It can also function as mana-fixing or ramp depending on the situation as well. Not really the greatest thing in multiples, since most of our lands are important utility lands, but definitely a lot of strong synergy with the deck overall. It's also pretty horrible without Dryad of the Ilysian Grove or Amulet of Vigor, so it isn't ideal against decks with interaction.

Fae of Wishes / Wish / Glittering Wish / Karn, the Great Creator - even though Fae of Wishes is technically a creature, it's adventure mode is a non-creature spell, which is what we are interested in mainly. This is the most relevant of the wish cards, since we can still cast it for the adventure mode when hidden away, and it has extra synergy when hit with Turntimber Symbiosis  for a 4/7 flier. Wish is just the most flexible wishing card, letting you grab literally anything. However, it forces you to use it the same turn, so it isn't as ideal as some other wish options in certain scenarios. Glittering Wish is the most reasonably priced of the bunch, but can only tutor for something multicolored in the sideboard. Karn, the Great Creator is the artifact wish and potentially usable multiple turns.

Honorable Mentions

Tyrranax Rex - keyword soup, toxic edition... Seriously though, this card fits fairly well by being a near impossible to deal with threat against any kind of control variant. It also helps with any kind of "infinite" life shenanigans, since we can now win through poison counters instead.

Gwenna, Eyes of Gaea - This is a very interesting option for the deck, which has some pros and cons to it. The first (and really only) major con is that this card doesn't do much the turn it is played, unlike most of our other ramp options. However, this is a card that can color-fix, and gets us to a turn 4 titan on its own. It also makes it far easier to chain Tolaria West into multiple Primeval Titans since it untaps when playing a 5+ power creature, essentially reducing the casting cost by 2.

Tireless Tracker / Courser of Kruphix - Tireless Tracker is a form of card advantage that is capable of growing itself, although at the cost of investing further mana. Courser of Kruphix is good at letting us eliminate land draws, which can really be a problem sometimes. It also is Lightning Bolt proof, which can be huge sometimes. Lifegain from lands hitting play is just icing on the cake. Something that is also very relevant for both is that the 2+ power can be just what's needed for that Mosswort Bridge activation.

Ghostly Flicker - this is actually a super flexible option, able to be used to reset our The One Ring, ramp us by flickering lands / ETB creatures, or even just protecting our creatures from removal. Even though it has all that going for it, it is a bit dependent on having certain cards in play already, so we don't want to over-invest in it.

Manamorphose - color-fixing where the main downside is not knowing what card it "really is" when considering your hand for a mulligan. It also doubles as a pseudo-answer for Blood Moon as a happy coincidence.

Khalni Garden / Radiant Fountain / Kabira Crossroads / Blossoming Sands cycle - chump blocker or lifegain slot. Sometimes that is enough to turn the tide of battle, so it isn't to be under-estimated as a utility option. I generally go with Khalni Garden / Kabira Crossroads if I have enough space (can potentially filter the with Wooded Bastion).

It's important to be realistic about the deck, and realize what the weakest/most unneeded cards are. I'll point out what I consider the top weakest main/sideboard cards, and why I don't think they are "ideal." Feel free to discuss other options or suggest replacements to try out. Right now, I would say the deck feels like it sometimes wants access to more threats and ways to pay for them earlier, but don't all decks want that?

Urza's Cave - this probably seems like a very underwhelming card to be in the maindeck, and that's because it is. On its own, it doesn't do a lot. However, it is essentially the same as Expedition Map, since it is able to tutor up any land, but this time directly into play. This is most notably used for Bojuka Bog, giving us an extra slot of gravehate, but this time one that can be used at instant speed. This definitely isn't the most needed land slot, but if you have the space for it, there's plenty of upside and additional lines that it provides.

Expedition Map - this is an overpriced land in a lot of scenarios, until you actually need it. It does let Urza's Saga replace itself with a land, but more importantly, it will let us find a missing land to win with when we already have 2+ Amulet of Vigor turning a lot of do-nothing hands into winners. This is still one of the most sided out cards, mainly because we side out Urza's Saga so often, which is where Expedition Map's utility matters.

Azusa, Lost but Seeking - of all the mana dorks and extra land cards, this is probably one of the worst, as strange as it sounds. She can ramp far better than any other, but in a world full of removal sometimes we don't even get to play the second extra land (it's usually easy to play around removal). She also has the least amount of toughness of all our dorks, which makes her a less than ideal blocker. That being said, casting Summoner's Pact for her to set up a Primeval Titan the following turn is one of the more powerful lines of the deck, so I find it very difficult to cut her and not miss her.

Replacement Options:
In addition to anything listed in the Filler Options section, you can always run increased copies of anything we don't already run 4 of, like Arboreal Grazer, Explore, or any key lands are always great replacement options. Moving any creature from the sideboard to the mainboard can also be an option if your meta supports that decision. The deck would almost always like more extra land cards or creatures, 3 CMC or less that fit, like Courser of Kruphix or Tireless Tracker or anything else that grants a useful ability and can be used to generate value, apply pressure and/or block with. There's also plenty of ideas in the maybe board, for both the main and side.


Relic of Progenitus - this slot is probably not strictly needed with all the other gravehate we are already running. However, being able to find Relic of Progenitus off an Urza's Saga is very powerful, especially against black decks. Strictly black graveyard decks have gone down in metashare now, so this can probably be swapped for a different piece of hate if needed. Also of note, cracking it hits our grave too, which can be very relevant if you are trying to use Shifting Woodland.

Roxanne, Starfall Savant - as much as I love her as an answer to Magus of the Moon and a threat at the same time, most people are running a normal Blood Moon now, so she isn't quite as effective. She also does nothing against Harbinger of the Seas which is another moon effect we need to look out for.

Spelunking - a very underwhelming card. It is two of our best effects combined, Amulet of Vigor + Explore, so it isn't like it is a weak option or anything, it is just an unassuming card that is underestimated. It is one of the best options to help get that first Amulet of Vigor effect out there when we are siding out Urza's Saga, and that is exactly what I use this for.

Replacement Options:

A few too many to list, since this deck can easily flex into any of the 5 colors. Basically, you want to always have a few gravehate slots, a few lands to move in, and some ways to deal with problem cards/decks, whatever those may be (always consider Blood Moon and Magus of the Moon). You may also want some redundant threats, as there's cards like Surgical Extraction that can target our very linear plan, which is why mill is a surprisingly difficult matchup if not respected. "Silver Bullet" type cards are also always a great choice, cards where when you play it against a certain deck, they basically lose on the spot.

In my current sideboard, your main consideration should be where to double up on hate and where not to. You also want to consider which cards are strictly wish targets (if running any of the options), and which cards you can actually side in. Siding in your targets enables you to have a faster response, so that is generally the preferred line. This means you don't go heavy on cards which are only good when wished for.

My biggest suggestion is to try to have a tutor-able target for your major issues when possible (Summoner's Pact functions as a tutor for green creatures). There's a lot of smaller synergies with lands, since we can tutor them up with Primeval Titan but you shouldn't rely on those paths as your only answers, since they are less reliable to have access to early. Think of land hate in this deck as more coincidental than something you can rely on, even with all the tutor options.

I would order your preferred hate cards as:
Green Creatures - 1 card is 6+ virtual copies (Summoner's Pact / Tolaria West)
Everything Else

I also suggest mapping out a general idea of your 1 to 1 swaps for commonly sided out cards. For example, if I am siding out all 4 copies of Urza's Saga (and Expedition Map / Mirrorpool because I will have less access to double Amulet of Vigor) because I suspect a Blood Moon effect or a lot of artifact/enchantment hate, I know which 6 cards will always be replacing those, my Boseiju, Who Endures, Shifting Woodland, Spelunking, and whatever else is good in the matchup. Knowing a general idea of your sideboard mapping like this helps to eliminate a lot of the thinking and have a more consistent sideboarding experience, often leading to better results.

Just as a disclaimer, the Glittering Wish and Karn, the Great Creator sections may be a bit outdated, since I do not keep their sections up to date. They are still worth mentioning as potential options though.

Vexing Bauble - This is a powerful card that turns off free spells. That means no more pitch elementals, forces, or anything like that to worry about. it does turn off our own pacts, but we can always crack it to turn our pacts back on again. Unfortunately, that will open us back up to Subtlety and Solitude, but the true dream is to retrace this with Six after doing so. Even though needing to sacrifice it to use our own pacts is not ideal and can create some weird play patterns, it does a whole lot outside of when we need a pact.

Shifting Woodland - Even though Delirium can be a little challenging to enable, being able to copy any permanent in the graveyard is a very powerful effect, especially for a potentially t2 untapped green source. This enables us to play around non-exiling removal, or even just copy lands or a utility creature. They would still have summoning sickness, and you miss out on ETB effects, but other than that a great card. Some common usages would be recurring a Primeval Titan the turn after it is removed with a non-exiling effect, or cheating in a Dryad of the Ilysian Grove effect same turn because we don't care about summoning sickness, but would be able to enable some additional damage.

Force of Vigor / Boseiju, Who Endures / Pick Your Poison / Tear Asunder / Stormkeld Vanguard - some of the best artifact and enchantment removal in the format. Force of Vigor is capable of removing 2 problem permanents at the cost of 2 cards and no mana, this option definitely keeps some unfair decks in check (ours included, as this is one of our problem cards). Being a potential "colorless" out to a resolved Blood Moon is also a huge upside that cannot be overstated enough. Boseiju, Who Endures has the added benefit of being a land we can use to replace Urza's Saga when suspecting Blood Moon. Pick Your Poison / Tear Asunder can flex as an answer to larger creatures, alongside everyone's favorite indestructible artifact - The One Ring with the later option. Stormkeld Vanguard is capable of being a threat later into the game after being used as removal, and is also searchable by Summoner's Pact. They all have their respective pros/cons.

Dismember / Firespout / Hail Storm / Engineered Explosives / Storm's Wrath / The Filigree Sylex / Ratchet Bomb - some of the best creature removal in the format, not really much else to say. The board wipe option(s) flex depending on the meta, but you do want a way to deal with go-wide decks, whether that is through direct damage or targeted CMC. The first of the targeted CMC options should always be Engineered Explosives, since being able to be found by Tolaria West is a very powerful effect. But, if planning to run multiple versions of that effect, I generally prefer the other 2 options, as they don't require you to hold open mana on your opponent's turn to threaten cracking it. Hail Storm is a non-symmetrical effect, and at instant speed, so against low toughness decks, this is definitely one of the better options, although it isn't as easy to cast as some other options.

Endurance / Turn the Earth / Relic of Progenitus / Bojuka Bog - Endurance is preferred mainly due to it's evoke cost and the ability to be found with a Summoner's Pact. Even when you are tapped out, you can find this card and essentially counter anything if it is going to be game-ending by exiling another green card in hand. It can also be used on yourself to help in the mill matchup, unlike some other options (I only run 1-2 copies to not expose ourselves to Surgical Extraction and Extirpate as much since we have lots of creature tutor options). Turn the Earth makes up the other copies, and has some things going for it over multiple copies of Endurance. It is both usable from the grave when milled over, and can be used multiple times thanks to the flashback. The lifegain isn't completely irrelevant either. Relic of Progenitus is probably the weakest of the bunch, but it is a nice option to have vs. black graveyard decks especially. Its strength is being findable with Urza's Saga and able to be held up as instant speed interaction, while slowly keeping the opponent's graveyard in check at no additional cost. Bojuka Bog is a land that is findable with primveal titan (TSR) giving it some added utility, although usually at sorcery speed. Ironically enough, don't consider this as a land when sideboarding it in, since it is not a fast mana source and is not green - so it does nothing we want a land to do in this deck.

Roxanne, Starfall Savant - this is a nice option against Magus of the Moon, both removing it and producing a 5 color mana source alongside a decent threat that needs to be answered before it produces too much value.

Spelunking - this is a very underrated card in a lot of scenarios and has some very niche uses. The main benefit to this card is in games where we side out Urza's Saga so we will see less double Amulet of Vigor, as that is really the card's only downside, turning off one of our key cards. The major upside of this card is to stop untap triggers. So for example, with Azusa, Lost but Seeking we can play a tapped land followed by a bounce and they cannot react in-between. It is essentially Amulet of Vigor + Explore as a single card, but multiples of it or Amulet of Vigor are bad and we'd just rather have Explore in that scenario. That makes it a very good option to help replace the 3-4 Urza's Saga we side out against most red decks.

Honorable Mentions

Six - this is a great card that gives us some inevitability, being able to recur basically anything from the graveyard. It is a way to loop The One Ring or replay a creature / Amulet of Vigor that was removed, all for the low price of a land card. It also has a decent body and reach making its stats not irrelevant. If you decide to swing, it is almost like drawing 3, thanks to its retrace ability. Quite the valuable engine in more grindy matchups.

Surge of Salvation / Veil of Summer / Silence / Blossoming Calm - Surge of Salvation is essentially a Leyline of Sanctity effect with some additional upsides that be used as a combat trick against select decks. Veil of Summer is a nice option against any blue or black deck. It is mainly here to stop targeted discard. That being said, it is only effective against it if you have the mana open, so it is not nearly as effective on the draw. Blossoming Calm is of the nature. Silence can be used to protect our combo by resolving it first, or to "time walk" any sorcery speed deck.

Spell Pierce / Swan Song / Strix Serenade / Test of Talents - Spell Pierce hits hard early, and becomes less powerful into the late game. Strix Serenade is mostly useful against big creatures and troublesome artifacts like The One Ring. The other options are really solid hate against problem instant or sorceries (or enchantments) which just so happen to be some of the matchups we don't typically have interaction with otherwise. These are very useful against Indomitable Creativity, Calibrated Blast, Persist, any cascade target like Living End / Glimpse of Tomorrow, any storm piece, or just a Counterspell war. They can't be tutored for and have to be drawn into naturally - but it can be fairly game changing when you do, especially against combo decks, which is the intended target. Spell Pierce is currently the option because of the prevalence of The One Ring and its ability to answer planeswalkers as well,, but with the printing of Strix Serenade that may change. I personally prefer to not have to hold up mana in my opponent's turn to use my cards with a mostly sorcery speed deck, but that's just my preference.

Chalice of the Void - very powerful denial against decks that are efficiently mana-curved, as most modern decks are. This is one that is best played early for 0 or 1, maybe even 2 if facing a hatebears/goodstuff kind of deck. It doesn't deal with any current threats at that CMC, it only prevents future ones from being played. This also hits your own cards as well, so be careful about that. It is findable with Tolaria West, giving it extra value in the deck. If you run lots of 0 or 1 drops, this gets a lot less valuable, as it is a double-edged sword.

The Stone Brain - good for removing any problem card from our opponent's deck, usually useful against more linear combo decks.

Void Mirror / Defense Grid - good options vs various decks, both mostly deal with the MH2 pitch elementals though.

Cursed Totem / Stone of Erech - these are mainly there for the creature combo decks, completely invalidating them until dealt with.

Tyrranax Rex - this helps against anything that wants to play like control, whether they are blue or not. Being a near impossible to kill threat, that cannot be interacted with beneficially really cripples the decks it is meant to deal with.

Hokori, Dust Drinker - this lets you shift into more of a prison-style gameplay. It's a shame it isn't green and the cost is a little hard to consistently have early. If you play this while your opponent is tapped out (and they aren't an aggro deck or don't have a crazy board state) you basically win. This card hits most "fair" decks hard, but barely affects us because of Amulet of Vigor + Bouncelands, turning it's effect into more of a 1 sided Winter Orb. You basically transition a combo-deck into a prison deck with this sideboard option. Most non-aggro decks just aren't ready for that in modern and can't recover fast enough. Since most of the current meta is aggro oriented, this card isn't positioned very well in the meta. However, in a slow meta, this is some top-tier sneaky tech.

Elderscale Wurm / Empyrial Archangel / Hornet Queen - I found myself being able to cast off a Summoner's Pact for a Primeval Titan in a lot of situations against more aggro builds, only to realize it didn't matter since I was dead the next turn anyway. Elderscale Wurm and a lot of the following options help to solve that, albeit in different ways. Everything has their specific situations and pros/cons, which I will try to explain. Elderscale Wurm just makes you invulnerable to damage until it is either removed or you drop below 7 life (loss of life bypasses the protection). Empyrial Archangel has shroud, which really comes in handy against removal. One thing worth noting is that the replacement effect is not optional, so they can remove it by simply doing 8 damage to you in 1 turn, probably its biggest downside to consider. Hornet Queen is less vulnerable to targeted removal, but more vulnerable to wipes due to low CMC and toughness. However, an army of deathtouch blockers will often slow/stop the opponents deck for a bit.

Wurmcoil Engine / Inferno of the Star Mounts / Inferno Titan / Dragonlord Atarka - mainly for Blood Moon matchups, although they all have other uses as a solid uncounterable threat, resilience against removal, Land destroyer, or pinger (killing Magus of the Moon on entry), which helps with the intended use since most Blood Moon decks tend to play counterspells and removal too. The firebreathing ability on some also gives you something to do with all that red mana, if you aren't able to deal with Blood Moon. Wurmcoil Engine is more relevant in other matches since colorless is a lot easier for our manabase to support, and is a resilient to removal option, so it is probably the best option of them all.

Forest / Plains / Island or other basic land - This is just a land to side in, when I side out Urza's Saga. An off-color basic does help with splashing vs. Blood Moon and has synergy with the correct fetches, Sakura-Tribe Elder and Springbloom Druid making them into better mana-fixers.

These are some Fae of Wishes / Wish guidelines.

Scapeshift - This is basically the go-to option in most scenarios. It's capable of winning games with Dryad of the Ilysian Grove or Amulet of Vigor + 6 lands out by finding Valakut, the Molten Pinnacle or setting up a (usually) game winning Cultivator Colossus by finding Bouncelands + Tolaria West. With only 5 lands and Amulet of Vigor out, you can run away with the game by transmuting into Primeval Titan in pretty much the same way, depending on which lands you have to sacrifice. It can also function as mana-fixing or ramp depending on the situation as well. Not really the greatest thing in multiples, since most of our lands are important utility lands, but definitely a lot of synergy with the deck overall. It generally ends up a cheaper Cultivator Colossus or Primeval Titan, but sometimes one of your lands in play were important, so it's not always game winning on the spot (we help to mitigate this by running both Hanweir Battlements   + Slayers' Stronghold). It's also pretty horrible without Dryad of the Ilysian Grove or Amulet of Vigor, so it does very poorly against decks with interaction.

Worship - some sneaky tech that can buy us enough time to get back in the game in most cases. It's not really the best thing to try for, as you are dangerously close to death for it to take effect, but effects like these are capable of turning games around on their own. Since we can wish for it, then cast Fae of Wishes from exile to enable it, this is a pretty decent option to pivot a game you feel slipping away. It is actually really solid tech against RDW variations, as they don't expect troublesome enchantments from us, and will mainly pack artifact hate, or use their removal on Dryad of the Ilysian Grove instead.

It's also important to have some access to "free" options that answer specific things like Chalice of the Void, Force of Vigor, Endurance, or Slaughter Pact as at least a 1-of. Being able to convert a wish card into a specific answer or win on the spot card, is the main benefit of it over a standard sideboard. Make sure the slots you are committing to the wishboard are worth it, if you don't plan to actually side them in, as those are slots you cannot use for something else.

I'm keeping this here more for archival purposes, as I think Fae of Wishes / Wish is almost better in every situation. I ran this wish package for a long time, so I'll just keep this subsection for now (it may not include some newer options).

Silver Bullets

Fracturing Gust - mostly there for affinity/hexproof, or anything else with lots of artifacts/enchantments. I feel the recent Culling Ritual does a better job in most situations, since it can also ramp me. It's basically ramp vs. lifegain when considering the two (instant speed and initial mana cost matters too of course). I tend to think a wipe + threat with the ramped mana is better generally speaking.

Batwing Brume - another form of hate that is fairly specific to certain decks. the mode is potent against the Splinter Twin variants, while the mode is very effective against things like infect that go all in on one turn, where you just need to survive past their combo. This particular silver bullet isn't in my sideboard currently, as I've been seeing a lot less of both types of decks (infinite creature swarms and 1 trick ponies).

Lavinia, Azorius Renegadefoil / Gaddock Teeg / Yasharn, Implacable Earth / Scheming Fence - very strong denial in matches where relevant. Most of the decks Gaddock Teeg shut down have become less prevalent in the meta, so he isn't a needed option right now. Lavinia, Azorius Renegadefoil on the other hand is strong against Tron, and 'free' spells like Solitude, Living End, Memnitefoil, etc. Yasharn, Implacable Earth is very good against fetchlands, and anything that plans to sacrifice anything, like sacrifice outlet creature combo decks, Treasure and Food token decks, etc. Scheming Fence is a solid option against anything with activated abilities. It steals the abilities of anything short of planeswalkers, and it still turns those off. It is like an upgrade to Pithing Needle that's wishable.

Wheel of Sun and Moon - this one is anti-mill and gravehate built into one neat package. It is also a softlock when combined with Elderscale Wurm if your opponent has no form of removal. Simply cast it on yourself and keep casting an instant to prevent yourself from decking out.

Unmoored Ego / Slaughter Games - basically a silver bullet against most combo decks. This lets you completely remove one of their key pieces.

General Options

The Gitrog Monsterfoil / Sigarda, Host of Herons / Dragonlord Dromoka / Empyrial Archangel / Hydroid Krasis / Nethroi, Apex of Death / Vhati il-Dal /